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Support Info: If you are a Survivor and need emotional support, a national crisis line is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week: Residential School Survivor Support Line: 1-866-925-4419. Additional Health Support Information: Emotional, cultural, and professional support services are also available to Survivors and their families through the Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program. Services can be accessed on an individual, family, or group basis.” These & regional support phone numbers are found at https://nctr.ca/contact/survivors/ .

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Wednesday, January 18, 2023

January is Stalking Awareness Month


(EAGAN, Minn., January 2023)
January is Stalking Awareness Month as launched in 2004 by the National Center for Victims of Crime to promote recognition of stalking as a crime.  Since then, stalking has been recognized as a crime and precursor to other crimes such as human trafficking, rape and ultimately, murder.

 “Stalking is motivated by perpetrators to gain or maintain control over their victims,” said Lori Jump, chief executive officer for StrongHearts Native Helpline. “Historically, the interest was to control people, land and resources.  Today, at least one in four stalking incidents involve a current or previous personal relationship.”

 Violence Against Native American Women and Men

According to a study conducted by the National Institute of Justice, more than four in five Native women (84.3 percent) have experienced violence in their lifetime while intimate partner violence manifests alarming rates of other types of violence, including:

 

     Stalking (48.8 percent)

     Physical violence (55.5 percent)

     Sexual violence (56.1 percent)

     Emotional Abuse (66.4 percent)

 

The rate of violence perpetrated by non-Natives is astonishing with 97 percent of female victims and 90 percent of male victims reporting violence at the hands of interracial (non-Native) intimate partners, while fewer Native victims: 35 percent of female victims and 33 percent of male victims experienced intraracial (Native) intimate partner violence (IPV).

Stalking, sexual assault, physical violence, and psychological aggression are the top four categories of violence perpetrated against Native people wherein almost 3 million Native women and men have been victims of violence and just over 1.2 million Native women and men have been stalked.

 

What is Stalking?

Stalking is a pattern of behavior directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for their safety or the safety of others. It includes unwanted attention, harassment and/or threats and multiple forms of abuse. Ultimately, stalking is an attempt to manipulate, convince or coerce victims into compliance.

Red flags include:

     Repeated calls, text messages, e-mails, or posts via social media

     The perpetrator shows up at the victim’s known whereabouts  (e.g., near home, work, school, etc)

     Threatening to hurt the victim and/or people they care about.

 

Cyberstalking is a form of digital abuse where abusers hurt, threaten or intimidate their victim using phones, computers or social media. Methods include:

     using technology to track, find and/or disseminate personal information about the victim.

     sending threatening or insulting messages.

     using the victims devices to create clone profiles and/or send malicious content.

 

Victim And Perpetrator Demographics

According to the Stalking, Prevention, Awareness Resource Center, (SPARC):

     People aged 18-24 experience the highest rate of stalking victimization.

     More than twice as many victims are stalked with technology than without.

     2 in 3 of stalkers pursue their victims at least once per week using more than one method of contact.

     Weapons are used to harm or threaten victims in 1 out of 5 cases

     Intimate partner stalkers are the most likely stalkers to approach, threaten, and harm their victims.

     More than 80% of survivors reported the person stalking them was known to them in some way.

     Strangers are reported as the perpetrator of stalking in less than 25% of stalking cases.


Legal note: It should be noted that although stalking is against the law in every state, the crime of stalking is defined differently in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and on tribal and federal lands.

 

StrongHearts Can Help

If you or someone you know is being hurt by a stalker, learn more about safety planning and read: Creating A Separation Plan and Preparedness Kit.  For more information, StrongHearts Native Helpline can be reached via call or text 1-844-7NATIVE (762-8483) or chat online at strongheartshelpline.org. Advocates are available 24/7. 

 

SOURCE

 

  1. André B. Rosay, "Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and Men," (June 1, 2016) https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/violence-against-american-indian-and-alaska-native-women-and-men. Accessed December 21, 2022
  2. Stalkingawareness.org “Stalking Fact Sheet.” https://www.stalkingawareness.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/SPARC_StalkngFactSheet_2018_FINAL.pdf. Accessed December 22, 2022
  3. Safe Horizon, “Stalking Statistics and Facts.”  https://www.safehorizon.org/get-informed/stalking-statistics-facts/#definition/. Accessed December 23, 2022
  4. StrongHearts Native Helpline, “Creating A Separation Plan and Preparedness Kit.” Accessed December 27, 2022

 

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Canada's Residential Schools

The religious organizations that operated the schools — the Anglican Church of Canada, Presbyterian Church in Canada, United Church of Canada, Jesuits of English Canada and some Catholic groups — in 2015 expressed regret for the “well-documented” abuses. The Catholic Church has never offered an official apology, something that Trudeau and others have repeatedly called for.

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Detailed discussion of the Bering Strait theory and other scientific theories about the population of the modern-day Americas is beyond the scope of this essay. However, it should be noted that Indian people have expressed suspicion that DNA analysis is a tool that scientists will use to support theories about the origins of tribal people that contradict tribal oral histories and origin stories. Perhaps more important,the alternative origin stories of scientists are seen as intending to weaken tribal land and other legal claims (and even diminish a history of colonialism?) that are supported in U.S. federal and tribal law. As genetic evidence has already been used to resolve land conflicts in Asian and Eastern European countries, this is not an unfounded fear.

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