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Support Info: If you are a Survivor and need emotional support, a national crisis line is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week: Residential School Survivor Support Line: 1-866-925-4419. Additional Health Support Information: Emotional, cultural, and professional support services are also available to Survivors and their families through the Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program. Services can be accessed on an individual, family, or group basis.” These & regional support phone numbers are found at https://nctr.ca/contact/survivors/ .
Spotty reporting and compliance with #ICWA - why is that?
In 1978, Congress passed the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA),
which was meant to keep Native American families together, after foster
care and adoption practices had seen thousands of Native children taken
from their families, ancestral lands and culture to be placed in
non-native homes. That law created a system of “preferred placements”
for Native children who enter care. The first choice is to place
children with family members, followed by members of the same tribe and
finally Native foster parents from other tribes. The last resort is
placement in non-native homes.
But the federal government has never compelled states to share how
well they satisfy that “preference,” leaving little or no data to
indicate who is doing a good job placing Native children in Native
[WHY? It's Indian people - the most disrespected and underserved population. Indian Child Welfare is low on the list of priorities in American courtrooms. The ICWA is federal law. Federal law is supposed to be enforced. You can see that isn't the case with our most precious children... If you notice in our blog sidebar (right), the list of federally recognized tribes - take a look. It's not taught in school. Ignorance about Indian people is rampant. Trace]
The reporting that does exist is spotty at best.
In 2005, the United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) surveyed all 50 states and Washington D.C. about their ability to identify Native children in the system who were subject to ICWA in 2003.
“Only five states—Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and
Washington—were able to provide these data,” according the GAO report.
It doesn’t appear that reporting on ICWA compliance improved much in the subsequent years.
In 2015, Casey Family Programs, one of the largest charitable
foundations in all of child welfare, tried to ascertain ICWA compliance
in a brief entitled “Measuring Compliance with the Indian Child Welfare Act.”
“Although cross-jurisdictional and collaborative efforts are
emerging, compliance measurement remains characterized by relatively
small, idiosyncratic efforts,” the thin report reads. “Empirical study
results are scattered, inconsistent, and highly specific to the state
and jurisdiction being examined.”
Canada's Residential Schools
The religious organizations that operated the schools — the Anglican Church of Canada, Presbyterian Church in Canada, United Church of Canada, Jesuits of English Canada and some Catholic groups — in 2015 expressed regret
for the “well-documented” abuses. The Catholic Church has never offered an official apology, something that Trudeau and others have repeatedly called for.
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Did you know?
New York’s 40-year battle for OBC access ended when on January 15 2020, OBCs were opened to ALL New York adoptees upon request without restriction. In only three days, over 3,600 adoptees filed for their record of birth. The bill that unsealed records was passed 196-12.
According to the 2020 Census, 3.6% of Colorado's population is American Indian or Alaska Native, at least in part, with the descendants of at least 200 tribal nations living in the Denver metro area.
As the single largest unregulated industry in the United States, adoption is viewed as a benevolent action that results in the formation of “forever families.”
The truth is that it is a very lucrative business with a known sales pitch. With profits last estimated at over $1.44 billion dollars a year, mothers who consider adoption for their babies need to be very aware that all of this promotion clouds the facts and only though independent research can they get an accurate account of what life might be like for both them and their child after signing the adoption paperwork.
Why tribes do not recommend the DNA swab
Rebecca Tallbear entitled: “DNA, Blood, and Racializing the Tribe”, bearing out what I only inferred:
Detailed discussion of the Bering Strait theory and other scientific theories about the population of the modern-day Americas is beyond the scope of this essay. However, it should be noted that Indian people have expressed suspicion that DNA analysis is a tool that scientists will use to support theories about the origins of tribal people that contradict tribal oral histories and origin stories. Perhaps more important,the alternative origin stories of scientists are seen as intending to weaken tribal land and other legal claims (and even diminish a history of colonialism?) that are supported in U.S. federal and tribal law. As genetic evidence has already been used to resolve land conflicts in Asian and Eastern European countries, this is not an unfounded fear.
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