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What is ICWA (2023)

READ: https://blog.americanindianadoptees.com/2023/04/petitioning-court-to-open-your-adoption.html

Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Final Rule: FAQs on ICWA Proceedings

SOURCE: Bureau of Indian Affairs
SUBJECT: Child Welfare
TYPE: Report
YEAR PRODUCED: 2016
The Bureau of Indian Affairs has released a series of frequently asked questions related to its recent final rule pertaining to Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) proceedings.
ICWA, enacted by Congress in 1978, governs State child-custody proceedings in multiple ways, including: (1) by recognizing Tribal jurisdiction over decisions for their Indian children; (2) by establishing minimum Federal standards for the removal of Indian children from their families; (3) by establishing preferences for placement of Indian children with extended family or other Tribal families; and (4) by instituting protections to ensure that birth parents’ voluntary relinquishments of their children are truly voluntary.
The recent rule incorporates child-welfare best practices and promotes uniformity in State ICWA proceedings—no matter the child welfare worker, judge, or state handling the case—while still taking into account the unique circumstances of each child.
The 11-page document includes questions such as
  • What, specifically, does this rule do?
  • How does the rule clarify the applicability of ICWA?
  • How does the rule address the so-called “existing Indian family (EIF)” exception?
  • What are the rule’s requirements for emergency proceedings?
  • What are the rule’s requirements for transferring child-custody proceedings to Tribal court?
  • What are the rule’s requirements for qualified expert witnesses?
  • How do I find a qualified expert witness with knowledge of the Tribe’s social and cultural standards? What are the rule’s requirements for placement preferences?
  • Does the rule allow State courts to depart from the placement preferences if a child has bonded with a nonpreferred placement?
  • What if no preferred placements are available? How does the rule protect a birth parent’s privacy in voluntary proceedings?
  • Does this rule affect a parent’s right to choose who adopts their child in voluntary adoptions? ..
Access the FAQs here.

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ADOPTION TRUTH

As the single largest unregulated industry in the United States, adoption is viewed as a benevolent action that results in the formation of “forever families.”
The truth is that it is a very lucrative business with a known sales pitch. With profits last estimated at over $1.44 billion dollars a year, mothers who consider adoption for their babies need to be very aware that all of this promotion clouds the facts and only though independent research can they get an accurate account of what life might be like for both them and their child after signing the adoption paperwork.

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Why tribes do not recommend the DNA swab

Rebecca Tallbear entitled: “DNA, Blood, and Racializing the Tribe”, bearing out what I only inferred:

Detailed discussion of the Bering Strait theory and other scientific theories about the population of the modern-day Americas is beyond the scope of this essay. However, it should be noted that Indian people have expressed suspicion that DNA analysis is a tool that scientists will use to support theories about the origins of tribal people that contradict tribal oral histories and origin stories. Perhaps more important,the alternative origin stories of scientists are seen as intending to weaken tribal land and other legal claims (and even diminish a history of colonialism?) that are supported in U.S. federal and tribal law. As genetic evidence has already been used to resolve land conflicts in Asian and Eastern European countries, this is not an unfounded fear.

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