Indian Adoption Project
Susan Devan, Mixing Cultural Identities Through Transracial Adoption:
Outcomes of the Indian Adoption Project
(1958-1967) Edwin Mellen Press,
DeMeyer, Trace A., One Small Sacrifice: A Memoir.
Lost Children of the Indian Adoption Projects, Create Space/Amazon, 2010/2012
Busbee, Patricia, DeMeyer, Trace., Two Worlds: Lost Children of the Indian Adoption Projects
, (Book One) Blue Hand Books, 2012
Busbee, Patricia, DeMeyer, Trace., Called Home: Lost Children of the Indian Adoption Projects
, (Book Two) Blue Hand Books, 2014
S. (2001, April 24). [Keynote address]. Speech presented at the 19th
Annual Protecting our Children Conference, Anchorage, AK.
Child Welfare League of America. (1960, April). Indian Adoption Project. New York: Author.
Demer, L. (2001, May). Native receive apology for 1950s racial adoptions. Pathways Practice Digest, 1-2.
Jacobs, Margaret D., White Mother to a Dark Race: Settler Colonialism,
Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West
and Australia, 1880-1940 (2009)
Jacobs, Margaret D., A Generation Removed: The Fostering and Adoption of Indigenous Children in the Postwar World (Sept 1, 2014)
A. (1962, December). Suggested criteria to evaluate families to adopt
American Indian children through Indian Adoption Project. New York:
Child Welfare League of America.
Lyslo, A. (1964). The Indian
Adoption Project: An appeal to catholic agencies to participate.
Catholic Charities Review, 48(5), 12-16.
Lyslo, A. (1967, March). 1966 year end summary of the Indian Adoption Project. New York: Child Welfare League of America.
Lyslo, A. (1967). Adoptive placement of Indian children. Catholic Charities Review, 51(2), 23-25.
A. (1968, April). The Indian Adoption Project – 1958 through 1967:
Report of its accomplishments, evaluation and recommendations for
adoption services to Indian children. New York: Child Welfare League of
Outcomes for Transracially Adoption Native American Children
C., Young, Y. (1979). The identity, adjustment and achievement of
transracially adopted children: A review and empirical report. In G. K.
Verman and C. Bagley (Eds.), Race, education and identity (pp. 192-219).
New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Berlin, I. N. (1978). Anglo
adoptions of Native Americans: Repercussions in adolescence. American
Academy of Child Psychiatry, 17(2), 387-388.
Brooks, D.; Barth, R.
P. (1999). Adult transracial and inracial adoptees: Effect of race,
gender, adoptive family structure, and placement history on adjustment
outcomes. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 69(1), 87-99.
D. (1972). Far from the reservation: The transracial adoption of
American Indian children. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.
B. E., Sack, W. H., Pambrum, A. (1981). A review of child psychiatric
epidemiology with special reference to American Indian and Alaska Native
children. White Cloud Journal, 2(2), 22-36).
Green, H. J. (1983).
Risks and attitudes associated with extra-cultural placement of
American Indian children: A critical review. Journal of the American
Academy of Child Psychiatry, 22(1), 63-67.
Knapp, J. (2002, March). My adoption meant personal loss, but I don’t look for blame. Pathways Practice Digest, 1-2.
L. A., Schilling, K. M. (1985). Adoption through the eyes of adult
adoptees. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 55(3), 354-362.
Carol (2000, October). Split Feathers: Adult American Indians who were
placed in non-Indian families as children. Ontario Association of
Children’s Aid Societies Journal, 44(3), 11-16.
Magagnini, S. (1997, June 5). Indian adoptees go in search of roots. The Sacramento Bee, p. A20.
R. R., Vonk, E. M., Gregorie, T. K. (2004). Reliability and validity of
the transracial adoption parenting scale. Research on Social Work
Practice, 14(1), 43-50.
McDonald, T. P., Propp, J. R, Murphy, K.
C. (2001). The post-adoption experience: Child, parent, and family
predictors of family adjustment to adoption. Child Welfare, 80(1),
Melmer, D. (2004, February 18). ‘Split Feather’ syndrome
addressed at S.D. committee hearing. Indian Country Today. Retrieved May
8, 2006, from http://www.indiancountry.com/content
McLaughlin, H., Bennett, C., & Garland, J. A. (1965). Later
adjustment of children following radical separation from family and
culture. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 35, 604-609.
R. W., Rasmussen, J. K., Gonzalez-Santin, E. (1999). Impact of childhood
out-of-home placement on a southwestern American Indian tribe. Journal
of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 2(1/2), 69-89.
Rosene, L. R. (1985). A follow-up study of Indian children adopted by white families. Dissertation Abstracts International.
R. A. (1981). Triple jeopardy: Family stresses and subsequent divorce
following the adoption of racially and ethnically mixed children.
Journal of Divorce, 4(4), 43-54.
Ryant, J. C. (1984). Some issues
in the adoption of Native children. In P. Sachdev (Ed.), Adoption:
Current issues and trends (pp. 169-180). Toronto: Butterworth & Co.
Schmidt, B. W. (2001, March). Adopted Indians seek roots. Pathways Practice Digest, 1,10 -11.
A. R., McGue, M. K., Benson, P. L. (1996). The emotional and behavioral
adjustment of United States adopted adolescents: Part I. An overview.
Children and Youth Services Review, 18, 83-100.
Silverman, A. R.,
Feigleman, W. (1990). Adjustment in interracial adoptees: An overview.
In D. K. Brodzinsky and m. D. Schechter, (Eds.), The psychology of
adoption (pp. 187-200). New York: Oxford University Press.
M. D. (1979). Mormon placement: The effects of missionary foster
families on Navajo adolescents. Ethos: The Journal of the Society for
Psychological Anthropology, 7(2), 162-160.
Verrier, N. M. (1993). The primal wound: Understanding the adopted child. Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc.
J. (1979). The Apple Syndrome in Minnesota: A complication of
racial-ethnic discontinuity. Journal of Operational Psychiatry, 10(2),
Hawk, S. (2001, May). An honor song and pow wow for returning lost birds. Pathways Practice Digest, 4-5.
First Nations Adoption (Canada)
C. (1991). Adoption of Native children in Canada: A policy analysis and
a research report. In H. Alstein and R. J. Simon (Eds.), Intercountry
adoption: A multinational perspective (pp. 56-79). New York: Praeger
Fournier, S. Crey, E. (1997). Stolen from our embrace:
The abduction of First Nations children and the restoration of
Aboriginal communities. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, Ltd.
Johnston, P. (1983). Native children and the child welfare system. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company.
M. (1984). Adoption in Canada: Two decades in review. In P. Sachdev
(Ed.), Adoption: Current issues and trends, (pp. 30-42). Toronto:
Butterworth & Co. Ltd.
Morse, B. (1984). Native Indian and Metis children in Canada: Victims of the child welfare system. In G.
K. Verma and C. Bagley (Eds.), Race relations and cultural differences (pp. 259-277). New York: St. Martin’s Press.
S. (1999). One of those kids: AFN and other try to restore faded tribal
ties for Canada’s Native adoptees. American Indian Report, 15(10),
Ward, M. (1984). The adoption of Native Canadian children. Cobalt, Ontario: Highway Book Shop.
(This is not a complete list but some were published in the anthology Two Worlds.)
and some of my favorite links: