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Support Info: If you are a Survivor and need emotional support, a national crisis line is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week: Residential School Survivor Support Line: 1-866-925-4419. Additional Health Support Information: Emotional, cultural, and professional support services are also available to Survivors and their families through the Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program. Services can be accessed on an individual, family, or group basis.” These & regional support phone numbers are found at https://nctr.ca/contact/survivors/ .
APTN National News Daniel Frost would flip through family photo albums growing up and see people that didn’t look like him.
He knew them as grandpa or grandma, but they weren’t his grandparents.
Metis, he was adopted as an infant from northern Saskatchewan by
British parents who moved him across the Atlantic ocean to the United
Kingdom. He’s built a life there.
Then last year he decided to make a real effort to find his birth family. Frost figured he’d have a couple siblings.
What he found was a family tree that extended far beyond that. Thirteen brothers and sisters (two deceased).
He first found his birth sister Edna Smith who sent him photos of his siblings.
I saw people looking back at me that looked like me,” said Frost from
London where he is training to be a nursing assistant. “I’ve even got a
brother that looks like me. It’s something that is quite extraordinary.”
was born Darin Maurice to Metis parents from Buffalo Narrows in
Saskatchewan in 1968. He was quickly taken by the province’s child
welfare system and put in foster care. This was the era of the 60s Scoop.
It’s now well-known that thousands of Indigenous children were taken from their families and adopted into non-Indigenous homes.
Edna Smith was also adopted by a British family but they stayed in Saskatchewan. She
said a death in the immediate family ripped the home apart, which led
to many of the children being put in foster care and later adopted.
have a sister in B.C., I have a sister in Washington (State), I have a
sister in Red Deer, one in North Battleford, a brother in Saskatoon, two
brothers in Calgary, a brother in Regina, a brother in Dillon and Dan,”
Frost is raising money for travel costs to visit his family through a crowdfunding site.
“I think it’s awesome and we can’t wait for him to get over here,” said Smith. “I look at him and I know he’s my brother.”
It’s that connection that Frost has always been looking for.
up in the United Kingdom, Frost was always confused as Spanish or
Italian, even Jewish, because of this skin colour. He was known as the
“little brown boy.” His parents never hid where they got him and he knew
he was Indigenous.
people in Europe kind of think that First Nation or Native people are
no longer around. They’re found in history books,” said Frost.
Then he came to Toronto in the 1990s to visit friends.
“It was the first time I experienced any kind of recognition of who I was. It was both in a good way and a bad way,” he said.
Some would come up to him and ask if he was Cree and he felt welcomed.
also had other people who were like ‘We know about your people. You’re
all alcoholics,’” said Frost, adding despite the racism, “In a way, it
was quite life-fulfilling, even the bad stuff, because you’re
understanding who I am.”
Both of his birth parents have passed away, his father in 2013 and his mother in 2010.
But in the 90s he made his first attempt to find his birth family and received a package from the province of Saskatchewan.
It included a hand written note from his mother scribbled on a scrap piece of paper.
She addressed it “my darling son.”
“I was quite overwhelmed by it,” said Frost. “Someone else was calling me her son.”
He lost that note in a fire and never pursued his search.
“I’m not sure I was mature enough to handle it at the time,” he said.
But the “little brown boy” from England is now determined to end his search.
The religious organizations that operated the schools — the Anglican Church of Canada, Presbyterian Church in Canada, United Church of Canada, Jesuits of English Canada and some Catholic groups — in 2015 expressed regret for the “well-documented” abuses. The Catholic Church has never offered an official apology, something that Trudeau and others have repeatedly called for.
Almost 7000 bodies found and not one member of the church has been arrested. The names are out there. The church must be held accountable. #NeverForget#EveryChildMatters
The Justice Department is protecting the names of many perpetrators of abuse of Indigenous children. We need a special independent prosecutor who can force the government and church to turn over the documents. There can be no reconciliation without justice.@MumilaaqQaqqaqpic.twitter.com/5TL6OxKM5O
Veronica, we adult adoptees are thinking of you today and every day. We will be here when you need us. Your journey in the adopted life has begun, nothing can revoke that now, the damage cannot be undone. Be courageous, you have what no adoptee before you has had; a strong group of adult adoptees who know your story, who are behind you and will always be so.
Did you know?
Did you know?
New York’s 40-year battle for OBC access ended when on January 15 2020, OBCs were opened to ALL New York adoptees upon request without restriction. In only three days, over 3,600 adoptees filed for their record of birth. The bill that unsealed records was passed 196-12.
According to the 2020 Census, 3.6% of Colorado's population is American Indian or Alaska Native, at least in part, with the descendants of at least 200 tribal nations living in the Denver metro area.
Diane Tells His Name
Lost Birds on Al Jazeera Fault Lines
click to read and listen about Trace, Diane, Julie and Suzie
As the single largest unregulated industry in the United States, adoption is viewed as a benevolent action that results in the formation of “forever families.” The truth is that it is a very lucrative business with a known sales pitch. With profits last estimated at over $1.44 billion dollars a year, mothers who consider adoption for their babies need to be very aware that all of this promotion clouds the facts and only though independent research can they get an accurate account of what life might be like for both them and their child after signing the adoption paperwork.
Original Birth Certificate Map in the USA
Why tribes do not recommend the DNA swab
Rebecca Tallbear entitled: “DNA, Blood, and Racializing the Tribe”, bearing out what I only inferred:
Detailed discussion of the Bering Strait theory and other scientific theories about the population of the modern-day Americas is beyond the scope of this essay. However, it should be noted that Indian people have expressed suspicion that DNA analysis is a tool that scientists will use to support theories about the origins of tribal people that contradict tribal oral histories and origin stories. Perhaps more important,the alternative origin stories of scientists are seen as intending to weaken tribal land and other legal claims (and even diminish a history of colonialism?) that are supported in U.S. federal and tribal law. As genetic evidence has already been used to resolve land conflicts in Asian and Eastern European countries, this is not an unfounded fear.
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