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Support Info: If you are a Survivor and need emotional support, a national crisis line is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week: Residential School Survivor Support Line: 1-866-925-4419. Additional Health Support Information: Emotional, cultural, and professional support services are also available to Survivors and their families through the Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program. Services can be accessed on an individual, family, or group basis.” These & regional support phone numbers are found at https://nctr.ca/contact/survivors/ .

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Wednesday, August 24, 2022

Alaska Tribal Child Welfare Compact: NEW LAW #ICWA


Alaska State Law Codifies Child Welfare Protections for Indigenous Families

A new state law that took effect August 5 in Alaska aims to “address and improve deep structural inequities” in the state’s child welfare system — protecting residents should broader federal protections be overturned by a pending Supreme Court case.

Specifically, HB 184 solidifies the state’s intergovernmental relationship with the tribes and codifies the protections of the Indian Child Welfare Act, the 1978 federal law providing Indigenous communities enhanced protections from foster care separation. The law known as ICWA faces a Nov. 9 challenge before the nation’s highest court.  

But the Alaska Tribal Child Welfare Compact will protect Alaska Native families, even when there are shifts in state administrations. It became law earlier this month without the sitting governor’s formal approval, following a bill signed by Alaska’s former Gov. Bill Walker, an independent, Department of Health and Social Services Commissioner Valerie Nurr’araaluk Davidson, and 18 tribal co-signers representing 161 federally-recognized tribes. 

The Act ensures that tribes and tribal organizations can utilize foster care prevention programs that integrate the traditional, cultural beliefs of Indigenous communities in Alaska, paving the way for a more relevant and culturally appropriate child welfare system in the state. According to an Alaska House Coalition press release, signatories are now empowered “to provide quality children and family services as close to home as possible. The model is lauded nationally and has been replicated in other states.

“Children are the most vulnerable members of our communities; protecting them and helping them to thrive is the most important work we can do,” Association of Village Council Presidents CEO Vivian Korthuis stated in the press release. “We all have the responsibility to take care of all our children. Tribes have the same goal as the State — better outcomes for Alaskan children, and as partners we can transform child welfare together.”

The makes Alaska one of many states now finding ways to protect state residents in the event that the landmark ICWA law is struck down by the Supreme Court. To date California, Oregon, Washington, Iowa, Minnesota, Michigan, Nebraska, New Mexico, Wisconsin and Oklahoma have similar local laws in place. 

States are either strengthening their versions of the federal law, or are entering into government-to-government agreements — like this recent Alaska legislation —between state child welfare agencies and one or more tribes.

“Tribal compacting is the way out of Alaska’s child welfare crisis,” said Alaska Federation of Natives Executive Vice President and General Counsel Nicole Borromeo. 

The landmark state-tribal compact Borromeo helped facilitate began in 2017, “to address and improve deep structural inequities in Alaska’s child welfare system,” according to the press statement.

State leaders also praised the agreement. “The Tribal Child Welfare Compact is an excellent example of the State capitalizing on the excellent work of Alaska Tribes and working together to improve the way we are meeting the needs of Alaska families,” stated Rep. Tiffany Zulkosky (D), who served as prime sponsor of HB 184. “Healthy communities begin with healthy families. When our children succeed, so does Alaska.”

 

NEWS:

Dramatic photo of the roof of the Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C., during golden hour.

8/4/2022

Supreme Court Set to Consider Fate Of Indian Child Welfare Act in November

The Supreme Court will begin to hear oral arguments in a case that challenges the federal Indian Child Welfare Act in November.

 

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Canada's Residential Schools

The religious organizations that operated the schools — the Anglican Church of Canada, Presbyterian Church in Canada, United Church of Canada, Jesuits of English Canada and some Catholic groups — in 2015 expressed regret for the “well-documented” abuses. The Catholic Church has never offered an official apology, something that Trudeau and others have repeatedly called for.

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To Veronica Brown

Veronica, we adult adoptees are thinking of you today and every day. We will be here when you need us. Your journey in the adopted life has begun, nothing can revoke that now, the damage cannot be undone. Be courageous, you have what no adoptee before you has had; a strong group of adult adoptees who know your story, who are behind you and will always be so.

Did you know?

Did you know?
lakota.cc/16I9p4D

Did you know?

New York’s 40-year battle for OBC access ended when on January 15 2020, OBCs were opened to ALL New York adoptees upon request without restriction. In only three days, over 3,600 adoptees filed for their record of birth. The bill that unsealed records was passed 196-12. According to the 2020 Census, 3.6% of Colorado's population is American Indian or Alaska Native, at least in part, with the descendants of at least 200 tribal nations living in the Denver metro area.

Diane Tells His Name

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Lost Birds on Al Jazeera Fault Lines
click to read and listen about Trace, Diane, Julie and Suzie

ADOPTION TRUTH

As the single largest unregulated industry in the United States, adoption is viewed as a benevolent action that results in the formation of “forever families.”
The truth is that it is a very lucrative business with a known sales pitch. With profits last estimated at over $1.44 billion dollars a year, mothers who consider adoption for their babies need to be very aware that all of this promotion clouds the facts and only though independent research can they get an accurate account of what life might be like for both them and their child after signing the adoption paperwork.

Original Birth Certificate Map in the USA

Why tribes do not recommend the DNA swab

Rebecca Tallbear entitled: “DNA, Blood, and Racializing the Tribe”, bearing out what I only inferred:

Detailed discussion of the Bering Strait theory and other scientific theories about the population of the modern-day Americas is beyond the scope of this essay. However, it should be noted that Indian people have expressed suspicion that DNA analysis is a tool that scientists will use to support theories about the origins of tribal people that contradict tribal oral histories and origin stories. Perhaps more important,the alternative origin stories of scientists are seen as intending to weaken tribal land and other legal claims (and even diminish a history of colonialism?) that are supported in U.S. federal and tribal law. As genetic evidence has already been used to resolve land conflicts in Asian and Eastern European countries, this is not an unfounded fear.

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